Tag: soda fired

New Pots, New Recipes

#6, #5, #4 Manganese Saturate Crystalline Glazes
#6, #5, #4
Manganese Saturate Crystalline Glazes

#4 Recipe & Schedule

Fisker Bronze
Custer Feldspar.............     57.000  
  Alberta Slip................    7.000  
  Sil-co-sil..................    2.500  
  F-4 Feldspar................    1.500  
  Calcium Carbonate...........    0.500  
  Dolomite....................    0.500  
  OM #4 Ball Clay.............    2.000  
  MnO.........................   23.000  
  Copper Carbonate............    5.500  
  Iron Oxide Red..............    0.500  
                              =========
                                100.000

  Oxide   Formula  Analysis    Molar%
  CaO      0.043*   1.129%w   1.376%m
  MgO      0.019*   0.348%w   0.590%m
  K2O      0.143*   6.237%w   4.528%m
  Na2O     0.071*   2.052%w   2.264%m
  P2O5     0.000*   0.007%w   0.003%m
  TiO2     0.001    0.055%w   0.047%m
  Al2O3    0.252   11.952%w   8.013%m
  SiO2     1.783   49.756%w  56.619%m
  CuO      0.099    3.670%w   3.156%m
  Fe2O3    0.013    0.955%w   0.408%m
  MnO      0.724*  23.839%w  22.995%m

                        Cost:   0.273
              Calculated LOI:   3.521
                 Imposed LOI:        
                       Si:Al:   7.066
                      SiB:Al:   7.066
           Thermal Expansion:   6.848

Fired in Blaauw Reduction Schedule (in Celcius):

time_temp 00:00 5
time_temp 00:54 140
time_temp 01:12 260
time_temp 01:10 550
time_temp 00:30 600
time_temp 01:12 900
oxidation 83
time_temp 00:45 900
oxidation 93
time_temp 03:06 1210
oxidation 98
time_temp 01:24 1270
cooling
time_temp 02:15 1000
time_temp 01:00 900
time_temp 02:00 500
time_temp 01:00 300
time_temp 02:30 50
time_temp 04:00 50

#5 Recipe & Schedule

  Nepheline Syenite...........   65.500  
  MnO.........................   22.000  
  Silica......................   12.500  
                              =========
                                100.000

  Oxide   Formula  Analysis    Molar%
  CaO      0.018*   0.465%w   0.559%m
  MgO      0.004*   0.067%w   0.112%m
  K2O      0.071*   3.036%w   2.175%m
  Na2O     0.228*   6.461%w   7.033%m
  Al2O3    0.330   15.361%w  10.163%m
  SiO2     1.913   52.523%w  58.975%m
  Fe2O3    0.001    0.072%w   0.030%m
  MnO      0.680*  22.014%w  20.953%m

                        Cost:   0.312
              Calculated LOI:   0.065
                 Imposed LOI:        
                       Si:Al:   5.803
                      SiB:Al:   5.803
           Thermal Expansion:   7.492
              Formula Weight: 218.874

Strike Reduction Hold Firing Schedule 
in Small Test Gas Kiln in F

3:30 -> 1500F (^012)
Body Reduction
1:00 -> 1700F (^04)
Adjust to Moderate reduction, fast climb
3:30 -> 2300F (^9 flat, ^10 down)
Crash Cool
0:15 -> 1840F
Cut secondary air, minimize primary air, damp in, gas low to strong reduction and stalled holding temp
3:00 -> 1840F (Hold)
Off, Natural Cool
6:00 -> 300F

#6 Recipe & Firing Schedule

  Custer Feldspar.............   69.000  
  OM #4 Ball Clay.............    1.500  
  MnO.........................   27.500  
  Granular Manganese..........    2.000  
                              =========
                                100.000

  Oxide   Formula  Analysis    Molar%
  CaO      0.007*   0.210%w   0.256%m
  MgO      0.000*   0.006%w   0.010%m
  K2O      0.140*   6.961%w   5.057%m
  Na2O     0.064*   2.091%w   2.308%m
  TiO2     0.000    0.018%w   0.016%m
  Al2O3    0.226   12.223%w   8.201%m
  SiO2     1.533   48.751%w  55.512%m
  Fe2O3    0.001    0.123%w   0.053%m
  MnO      0.789*  29.617%w  28.588%m

                        Cost:   0.297
              Calculated LOI:        
                 Imposed LOI:        
                       Si:Al:   6.769
                      SiB:Al:   6.769
           Thermal Expansion:   7.120

Fired in Blaauw Reduction Schedule (in Celcius):

time_temp 00:00 5
time_temp 00:54 140
time_temp 01:12 260
time_temp 01:10 550
time_temp 00:30 600
time_temp 01:12 900
oxidation 83
time_temp 00:45 900
oxidation 93
time_temp 03:06 1210
oxidation 98
time_temp 01:24 1270
cooling
time_temp 02:15 1000
time_temp 01:00 900
time_temp 02:00 500
time_temp 01:00 300
time_temp 02:30 50
time_temp 04:00 50

Rutile, Ilmenite Variations of 1234 Base

1-10
1-10

Tenmoku Test Tiles – Iron, Rutile, Ilmenite, Earthenware Variants

In an efferot to further explore the different variations of Iron Oxide, Ilmenite, and Rutile – I’ve run a series of tests substituting Red Iron Oxide, for other oxides available in my lab. It was a pretty good series, although on some of the oxides, I overshot the ideal % and on a few I think it could be more.

Notice the 12% addition of Earthenware clays in 8,9, and 10 produce some pretty nice Celadon glazes!

MT Series
MT Series

Fisker’s West Palm Ash

Here’s an interesting glaze inspired by a locally abundant material – dead palm fronds. Every week  throughout South Florida the streets fill up with piles of dead vegetation from people pruning their trees and plants.  With a 12 month growing cycle, they’re EVERYWHERE.

Palms

To utilize this stuff, I started by collecting about a half of a pickup truck’s worth of dead palm fronds. Collecting all of this stuff took about 10 minutes, and I didn’t have to go very far. I then setup a perforated burn barrel with a grated floor. I burned down everything, and collected the ash in a tray under the barrel.  Once I collected the ash, I added it all to a 5 gallon bucket and ‘washed’ it, by dumping out the top layer of chunks and oily looking stuff. I  gave it 24 hours, and came back out and stirred it, and repeated for the next few days. Fin ally, I poured the mix through a 40 mesh sieve into a bisque drying platter and let the stuff dry out. After that I crushed it into a powder and pushed it through an 80m sieve. Quite a bit of work, but a truly unique material.

Matt's West Palm Ash Glaze
Fisker’s West Palm Ash Glaze

Given that the soil here in Florida has so much Silica by virtue of all the sand it contains, I had the thought that its be likely that palm tree ash would have a much higher % of silica than say, hardwood ash.  I haven’t had it tested for the side-by-side chemical composition, but my initial tests seem very promising. My next step is to dredge up some clay-like muck from the canal across the street, and mix in calcined seashells for good measure. If the canal silt doesn’t do the trick, I’ll try some clay/silt from the Intracoastal waterway (A brackish salt/freshwater channel that runs parallel to the ocean, inter-connected by inlets and canals – which ultimately  keeps South Florida from turning back into a swamp!)

Nontheless, the 3 tiles on the left were soda fired. The 2 on the right were Reduction fired to cone 10/11.  The clays from left to right are; Studio Reclaim (A bastard mix of everything), B-Mix, 550 Porcelain, Studio Mix, Porcelain. The recipe is as follows:

Fisker’s West Palm Ash

Unwashed, 80m Palm Ash 45

Nepheline Syenite 45

Redart Earthenware 10